12 tribes of Israel
 
Reuven (Reuben)
 
What does name Reuven mean?  This name is of two words in Hebrew: lir'ot (to see) and ben (son).

Reuven was a careful son: "And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes." (Gen 30:14)

"And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me." (Gen 29:32)

In Torah we read about the sin of Reuben: "And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard [it]. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:"(Gen 35:22)

 
Later Jacob will say him: "Reuben, thou [art] my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou [it]: he went up to my couch." (Gen 49:3-4)
 
Please read these lines about Reuben once more: "my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power". But he "unstable as water"...
 
But he lost a lot:
 
- birthright. Birthright was given to the sons of Josepf: "Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he [was] the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright." (1Chr 5:1)
 
- priesthood. It passed on to levites: "And thou shalt take the Levites for me (I [am] the LORD) instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel; and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstlings among the cattle of the children of Israel." (Num 3:41)
 
reign. It passed on to the sons of Judah.
 
Too we see an indecision of Reuven. In one's hour of need he helped to Josepf but Reuben didn't carry work to its conclusion.  
 
"And Reuben heard [it], and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him. And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, [but] cast him into this pit that [is] in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again." (Gen 37:21-22)

"And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes." (Gen 37:29)

There was an another situation too. In time of Devorah most tribes set out against the enemy but among the tribe of Reuven there were great thoughts of heart.   

"And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great thoughts of heart." (Jdg 5:15)

The sons of Reuven revolted against Moshe: "Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took [men]:" (Numb 16:1)

The tribe of Reuven reared cattle. "Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place [was] a place for cattle;" (Numb 32:1) 

The tribe of Reuven with the tribe of Gad and the half tribe of Menashe got the land east of the Jordan:  "The two tribes and the half tribe have received their inheritance on this side Jordan [near] Jericho eastward, toward the sunrising." (Numb 34:15) In the beginning they didn't want to go with their brothers to war. Moshe said them: "And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, Shall your brethren go to war, and shall ye sit here? And wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the LORD hath given them?" (Numb 32:6-7) They agreed with Moshe.

Moshe blessed Reuven:

"Let Reuben live, and not die; and let [not] his men be few." (Deut 33:6)

They lived in their land to Assyrian conquest in 733-732 years B.C.: "And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (1Chr 5:26)

There is the tribe of Reuven in Revelation:

"... Of the tribe of Reuven (Reuben) [were] sealed twelve thousand..." (Rev 7:5)

The conclusions

1. G-d punishes severely for the sins. The tribe of Reuven lost birthright,  priesthood and reign.

2. We see mercy of G-d too.

Baruch Hashem!

1John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

"<[A Psalm] of David, Maschil.> Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose] sin [is] covered. Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile. When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long. For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah. I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah." (Psalms 32:1-5) 

Yehudah (Judah)
  
Yehudah (Judah) was a son of Leah. In Torah we read about the birth of Yehudah: 
Gen 29:35  And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah; and left bearing.
 
Why did Leah say so: "Now will I praise the LORD"? She was glad very much, she received fourth son already! She wanted to praise Lord!   
 
G-d can to give us much more that we ask:
Eph 3:20  Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us,
Eph 3:21  Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.
 
We see the name of Yehudah is "will I praise the LORD".
 
Yehudah said to his brothers to sell Yoseph to Ishmeelites:
Gen 37:26  And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood?
Gen 37:27  Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content.
 
In Gen. 38 we read Yehudah married with a woman of Canaan. Two their son did bad:
Gen 38:6  And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name [was] Tamar.
Gen 38:7  And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him.
Gen 38:8  And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
Gen 38:9  And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled [it] on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
Gen 38:10  And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he slew him also.
 
A wife of Yehudah died too.
 
Later Yehudah fornicated with Tamar when he thought she is a loose woman.
Gen 38:24  And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she [is] with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
Gen 38:25  When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.
Gen 38:26  And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
Gen 38:27  And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins [were] in her womb.
Gen 38:28  And it came to pass, when she travailed, that [the one] put out [his] hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
Gen 38:29  And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? [this] breach [be] upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.
Gen 38:30  And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
 
Jacob blessed Yehudah:
Gen 49:8  Judah, thou [art he] whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee.
Gen 49:9  Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
Gen 49:10  The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Gen 49:11  Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:
Gen 49:12  His eyes [shall be] red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
 
"Judah, thou [art he] whom thy brethren shall praise..." -
2Sam 5:1  Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.
2Sam 5:2  Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
2Sam 5:3  So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
 
"... thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies..." - Later David said:
2Sam 22:41  Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
 
A lion - Messiah Yeshua is the Lion of the tribe of Yehudah:
Rev 5:5  And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
 
"The sceptre shall not depart from Yehudah (Judah)..." - starting with David the kings of Israel were of this tribe.  
 
G-d said about David:
2Sam 7:16  And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
 
Numb 24:17  I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
 
"... a lawgiver from between his feet..." - he who teaches Torah.
 
Shiloh - Mashiah (Messiah). Our Mashiah is Yeshua!
 
"... unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be]."
Isaiah 11:10  And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
 
"...his foal... his ass's colt..." -
Matt 21:5  Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
 
The miracle with wine in Cana of Galilee which Yeshua did:
"And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do [it]. And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare [it]. When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine until now. This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him." (John 2:1-11)
 
Caleb of the tribe of Yehudah and Yehoshua of the tribe of Epfraim (2 of 12) wasn't afraid to go with all people in Hanaan:
"And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, [which were] of them that searched the land, rent their clothes: And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, [is] an exceeding good land. If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they [are] bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD [is] with us: fear them not. But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel." (Numb 14:6-10)
 
Moshe blessed Yehudah:
Deut 33:7  And this [is the blessing] of Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his hands be sufficient for him; and be thou an help [to him] from his enemies.
 
"... Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah..." - According Rashi, the case in point are prayers of the descendants of Yehudah: David, Shlomo, Asa etc.
 
"... bring him unto his people..." - G-d brought Yeshua to His people:
Matt 15:24  But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
 
Rom 15:8  Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers:
 
After the death of Yehoshua G-d said the sons of Israel that Yehudah will go up against the Canaanites first to fight against them:
Jdg 1:1  Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
Jdg 1:2  And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.
Yehudah took Aza (Gaza):
Jdg 1:18  Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.

Many kings of this tribe did bad. The situation in the Northern Kingdom was worse. 

 
Hos 11:12  Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.
 
Joel 3:20  But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
 
Here Yehudah (Judah) means all Israel.
 
Messiah Yeshua was of the tribe of Yehudah:
Matt 1:1  The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Matt 1:2  Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; 

There is the tribe of Yehudah in Revelation:
Rev 7:5  Of the tribe of Yehudah (Juda) [were] sealed twelve thousand. <...>

  
Levi
 
Levi was the third son of Leah:
Gen 29:34  And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto me, because I have born him three sons: therefore was his name called Levi.
 
Yacov said about Levi and Shim'on:
Gen 49:5  Simeon and Levi [are] brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations.
Gen 49:6  O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.
Gen 49:7  Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
 
Please read these lines once again: "Cursed [be] their anger".
 
After the sin of the golden calf the tribe of Levi was elected for the service in the Temple. Levites only didn't bow to the golden calf.
 
We can read about Levites too:
"So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel. And he gathered together all the princes of Israel, with the priests and the Levites. Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand. Of which, twenty and four thousand [were] to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand [were] officers and judges: Moreover four thousand [were] porters; and four thousand praised the LORD with the instruments which I made, [said David], to praise [therewith]. And David divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, [namely], Gershon, Kohath, and Merari." (1Chr 23:1-6)

"For by the last words of David the Levites [were] numbered from twenty years old and above: Because their office [was] to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of the house of God; Both for the shewbread, and for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for [that which is baked in] the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size; And to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise at even; And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD: And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the holy [place], and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the LORD." (1Chr 23:27-32)
 
"And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service. And there were more chief men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and [thus] were they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar [there were] sixteen chief men of the house of [their] fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers. Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors [of the house] of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar." (1Chr 24:3-5)
 
Levites didn't receive inheritance in Eretz Israel:
Numb 18:23  But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
 
They received the tithes:
Numb 18:24  But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer [as] an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.
 
In Torah we read about the revolt of Korah (of the tribe of Levi) and his accomplices: 
"Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took [men]: And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men of renown: And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, [Ye take] too much upon you, seeing all the congregation [are] holy, every one of them, and the LORD [is] among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD?" (Numb 16:1-3)
 
The sons of Korah were punished.
 
"And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that [was] under them: And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that [appertained] unto Korah, and all [their] goods. They, and all that [appertained] to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation." (Numb 16:31-33)
 
Numb 26:10  And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.
 
Levi with other brothers blessed people on mount Gerizim:
Deut 27:12  These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:
 
The sons of Aaron - kohens (the priests) - were of Levites.
 
Moshe was of this tribe. Moshe has these Messianic traits: meekness, humility etc.  
 
The faithfulness to G-d was the distinguishing feature of Levites.
 
Messiah Yeshua was true to G-d.
 
Matt 26:39  And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt].
 
"Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;" (Phi 2:6-10)
 
Acts 4:12  Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

There is the tribe of Levi in Revelation:
Rev 7:7  <...> Of the tribe of Levi [were] sealed twelve thousand. <...> 

2

 


Click here to join Jews_and_Christians
Click to join Jews_and_Christians


Jews, Christians and the Word of God