"And Reuben returned unto the pit; and,
behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes."
There was an another situation too. In time of
Devorah most tribes set out against the enemy but among the
tribe of Reuven there were great thoughts of heart.
"And the princes of Issachar [were]
with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the
valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great thoughts of
heart." (Jdg 5:15)
The sons of Reuven revolted against
Moshe: "Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi,
and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of
Reuben, took [men]:" (Numb 16:1)
The tribe of Reuven reared cattle.
"Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great
multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of
Gilead, that, behold, the place [was] a place for cattle;" (Numb
The tribe of Reuven with the tribe of Gad
and the half tribe of Menashe got the land east of the Jordan: "The
two tribes and the half tribe have received their inheritance on this side
Jordan [near] Jericho eastward, toward the sunrising." (Numb
34:15) In the beginning they didn't want to go with their brothers to war.
Moshe said them: "And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the
children of Reuben, Shall your brethren go to war, and shall ye sit here? And
wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children of Israel from going over
into the land which the LORD hath given them?" (Numb 32:6-7) They agreed
Moshe blessed Reuven:
"Let Reuben live, and not die; and let [not]
his men be few." (Deut 33:6)
They lived in their land to Assyrian conquest
in 733-732 years B.C.: "And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of
Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he
carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of
Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river
Gozan, unto this day." (1Chr 5:26)
There is the tribe of Reuven in Revelation:
"... Of the tribe of Reuven (Reuben) [were]
sealed twelve thousand..." (Rev 7:5)
1. G-d punishes severely for the sins. The tribe
of Reuven lost birthright, priesthood and reign.
2. We see mercy of G-d too.
1John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful
and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all
"<[A Psalm] of David, Maschil.>
Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose]
sin [is] covered. Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD
imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile. When I
kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long. For day
and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought
of summer. Selah. I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I
not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou
forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah." (Psalms 32:1-5)
Yehudah (Judah) was a son of Leah. In Torah we
read about the birth of Yehudah:
Gen 29:35 And she conceived again, and
bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called
his name Judah; and left bearing.
Why did Leah say so: "Now will I
praise the LORD"? She was glad very much, she received fourth son
already! She wanted to praise Lord!
G-d can to give us much more that we ask:
Eph 3:20 Now unto him that is able to do
exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power
that worketh in us,
Eph 3:21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout
all ages, world without end. Amen.
We see the name of Yehudah is "will I
praise the LORD".
Yehudah said to his brothers to sell Yoseph to
Gen 37:26 And Judah said unto his
brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood?
Gen 37:27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not
our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his
brethren were content.
In Gen. 38 we read Yehudah married with a
woman of Canaan. Two their son did bad:
Gen 38:6 And Judah took a wife for Er
his firstborn, whose name [was] Tamar.
Gen 38:7 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the
LORD; and the LORD slew him.
Gen 38:8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and
marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
Gen 38:9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to
pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled [it] on the
ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
Gen 38:10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he
slew him also.
A wife of Yehudah died too.
Later Yehudah fornicated with Tamar when he
thought she is a loose woman.
Gen 38:24 And it came to pass about
three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in
law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she [is] with child by
whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
Gen 38:25 When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law,
saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said,
Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and
Gen 38:26 And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more
righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew
her again no more.
Gen 38:27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that,
behold, twins [were] in her womb.
Gen 38:28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that [the one] put
out [his] hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet
thread, saying, This came out first.
Gen 38:29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold,
his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? [this]
breach [be] upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.
Gen 38:30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet
thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
Jacob blessed Yehudah:
Gen 49:8 Judah, thou [art he] whom thy
brethren shall praise: thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies; thy
father's children shall bow down before thee.
Gen 49:9 Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art
gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who
shall rouse him up?
Gen 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from
between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of
the people [be].
Gen 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the
choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of
Gen 49:12 His eyes [shall be] red with wine, and his teeth white with
"Judah, thou [art he] whom thy
brethren shall praise..."
2Sam 5:1 Then came all the tribes of
Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone
and thy flesh.
2Sam 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he
that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou
shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
2Sam 5:3 So all the elders of Israel
came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron
before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
"... thy hand [shall be] in the neck
of thine enemies..."
- Later David said:
2Sam 22:41 Thou hast also given me the
necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
- Messiah Yeshua is the
Lion of the tribe of Yehudah:
Rev 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto
me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath
prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
"The sceptre shall not depart from
- starting with David the kings of Israel were
of this tribe.
G-d said about David:
2Sam 7:16 And thine house and thy
kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be
established for ever.
Numb 24:17 I shall see him, but not now:
I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and
a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and
destroy all the children of Sheth.
"... a lawgiver from between his
- he who teaches Torah.
- Mashiah (Messiah). Our
Mashiah is Yeshua!
"... unto him [shall] the gathering of
the people [be]."
Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall
be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it
shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
"...his foal... his ass's
Matt 21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion,
Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt
the foal of an ass.
The miracle with wine in Cana of Galilee which
"And the third day there was a marriage
in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was
called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the
mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto her,
Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. His mother
saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do [it]. And there
were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of
the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Jesus saith unto them,
Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he
saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And
they bare [it]. When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was
made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the
water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, And saith unto
him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have
well drunk, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine
until now. This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and
manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him." (John
Caleb of the tribe of Yehudah and Yehoshua of
the tribe of Epfraim (2 of 12) wasn't afraid to go with all people in
"And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the
son of Jephunneh, [which were] of them that searched the land, rent their
clothes: And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel,
saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, [is] an exceeding
good land. If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land,
and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. Only rebel not ye
against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they [are]
bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD [is] with
us: fear them not. But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And
the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before
all the children of Israel." (Numb 14:6-10)
Moshe blessed Yehudah:
Deut 33:7 And this [is the blessing] of
Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his
people: let his hands be sufficient for him; and be thou an help [to him]
from his enemies.
"... Hear, LORD, the voice of
- According Rashi, the case in point are
prayers of the descendants of Yehudah: David, Shlomo, Asa etc.
him unto his people..." - G-d brought
Yeshua to His people:
Matt 15:24 But he answered and said, I
am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Rom 15:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was
a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises
[made] unto the fathers:
After the death of Yehoshua G-d said the sons
of Israel that Yehudah will go up against the Canaanites first to fight
Jdg 1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it
came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall
go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
Jdg 1:2 And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered
the land into his hand.
Yehudah took Aza (Gaza):
Jdg 1:18 Also Judah took Gaza with the
coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast
Many kings of this tribe did bad. The
situation in the Northern Kingdom was worse.
Hos 11:12 Ephraim compasseth me about
with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with
God, and is faithful with the saints.
Joel 3:20 But Judah shall dwell for
ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
Here Yehudah (Judah) means all Israel.
Messiah Yeshua was of the
tribe of Yehudah:
Matt 1:1 The book of the generation of
Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Matt 1:2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat
Judas and his brethren;
There is the tribe of Yehudah in
Rev 7:5 Of the tribe of Yehudah (Juda) [were] sealed twelve thousand.
Levi was the third son of Leah:
Gen 29:34 And she conceived again,
and bare a son; and said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto me,
because I have born him three sons: therefore was his name called Levi.
Yacov said about Levi and Shim'on:
Gen 49:5 Simeon and Levi [are]
brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations.
Gen 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their
assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a
man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.
Gen 49:7 Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their
wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in
Please read these lines once again: "Cursed
[be] their anger".
After the sin of the golden calf the
tribe of Levi was elected for the service in the Temple. Levites only
didn't bow to the golden calf.
We can read about Levites too:
"So when David was old and full of
days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel. And he gathered together
all the princes of Israel, with the priests and the Levites. Now the
Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their
number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand. Of
which, twenty and four thousand [were] to set forward the work of the
house of the LORD; and six thousand [were] officers and judges: Moreover
four thousand [were] porters; and four thousand praised the LORD with the
instruments which I made, [said David], to praise [therewith]. And David
divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, [namely], Gershon,
Kohath, and Merari." (1Chr 23:1-6)
"For by the last words of David the Levites [were]
numbered from twenty years old and above: Because their office [was] to
wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the
courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and
the work of the service of the house of God; Both for the shewbread, and
for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and
for [that which is baked in] the pan, and for that which is fried, and for
all manner of measure and size; And to stand every morning to thank and
praise the LORD, and likewise at even; And to offer all burnt sacrifices
unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by
number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the
LORD: And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the
congregation, and the charge of the holy [place], and the charge of the
sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the
LORD." (1Chr 23:27-32)
"And David distributed them, both
Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar,
according to their offices in their service. And there were more chief men
found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and [thus] were
they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar [there were] sixteen chief men of
the house of [their] fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar
according to the house of their fathers. Thus were they divided by lot,
one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors
[of the house] of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of
Ithamar." (1Chr 24:3-5)
Levites didn't receive inheritance in
Numb 18:23 But the Levites shall
do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear
their iniquity: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your
generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
They received the tithes:
Numb 18:24 But the tithes of the
children of Israel, which they offer [as] an heave offering unto the LORD,
I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them,
Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.
In Torah we read about the revolt
of Korah (of the tribe of Levi) and his accomplices:
"Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the
son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab,
and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took [men]: And they rose up
before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and
fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men of renown:
And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and
said unto them, [Ye take] too much upon you, seeing all the congregation
[are] holy, every one of them, and the LORD [is] among them: wherefore
then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD?" (Numb
The sons of Korah were punished.
"And it came to pass, as he had
made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder
that [was] under them: And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them
up, and their houses, and all the men that [appertained] unto Korah, and
all [their] goods. They, and all that [appertained] to them, went down
alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from
among the congregation." (Numb 16:31-33)
Numb 26:10 And the earth opened
her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company
died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they
became a sign.
Levi with other brothers blessed people
on mount Gerizim:
Deut 27:12 These shall stand upon
mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon,
and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:
The sons of Aaron - kohens (the priests)
- were of Levites.
Moshe was of this tribe. Moshe
has these Messianic traits: meekness, humility
to G-d was the
distinguishing feature of Levites.
was true to G-d.
Matt 26:39 And he went a little
further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be
possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as
"Who, being in the form of God,
thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no
reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the
likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself,
and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God
also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every
name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in
heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;" (Phi
Acts 4:12 Neither is there
salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given
among men, whereby we must be saved.
There is the tribe of Levi in
Rev 7:7 <...> Of the tribe of Levi [were] sealed twelve